World Menstruation Day- Menstrual Hygiene- Myths and Misconceptions
Key Information on Menstruation:
Growing up is a tough time for children, especially young girls. They are on an emotional roller-coaster, coming to terms with their biological changes but not quite comprehending why those changes are occurring in the first place. Add to this a plethora of misinformed old wives tales about menstruation and a general reluctance to speak about it openly and we have a long list of period myths that have become the uncontested truth. Today, however, the truth shall be contested as we delve into the five most common misconceptions regarding menstruation and check whether they are valid or not.
1- Menstruation cycles are the same for everyone:
According to gynaecologist Dr Shamim Jafri, “Many women are of the view that one menstruation cycle is always of an exact seven days for everyone.” In reality, however, the duration of a cycle varies from person to person, depending on the health of the girl. “One cycle may last just three days for someone and eight for another, it doesn’t matter,” explains Jafri. Many women also experience irregular cycles with no set monthly dates either. Nonetheless, it is advisable for mothers to take their daughters for a general check-up following their first menses to ascertain that all is well.
2- Exercise disrupts menstruation:
Unless one is a heart patient or suffers from any other medical condition that could worsen due to exercise, there is absolutely no reason why they should discontinue their exercise regime during that time of the month. In fact, exercise has been proven to regulate menstruation and help soothe the symptoms of pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS) such as cramps and fatigue. Jafri recommends exercise to those who suffer from muscular pain to relieve the tension, provided that it is toned down a bit. “You can do any kind of exercise you like, even hand-stands, so long as it isn’t extreme.” Extreme exercise or physical activity can deregulate one’s period and lead to fertility problems in the long run, as experienced by many female athletes and fitness enthusiasts.
3- One shouldn’t eat certain foods during that time of the month:
During menstruation, many women experience low energy levels and the hormonal changes give rise to cravings for certain foods, especially carbohydrates. Unfortunately, there is a long list of food items we are told to avoid while on our period, such as fish or other greasy meat. However, there is little or no medical evidence which supports this assertion. Jafri clarifies that, “Food is digested in the stomach which has no link to menstruation as such.” Of course, this does not mean women have a free card to consume unhealthy food products as it is always better to eat healthy. The aim should be to consume the right amount of proteins and carbs to maintain sugar levels and keep you going through the week.
4- Bathing can halt your period:
The idea that water temperatures can affect menses adversely is prevalent throughout Pakistan. Many women avoid bathing – or at least, washing their hair – during their cycle for the fear that their period may slow down or stop completely. “Once again, there is no medical evidence to support this idea whatsoever,” says Jafri. “In fact, I would recommend women to bathe as per normal during menses because hygiene is of utmost importance then. Lack of hygiene can lead to other related issues, such a rashes or bad odour.”
5- Pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS) is a myth:
According to a study published in the American Family Physician Journal 2003, PMS is a “Common cyclic disorder in young and middle-aged women characterised by emotional and physical symptoms during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle.” The disorder manifests itself in a variety of physical and mental symptoms, such as depression, mood swings and abdominal pains, headaches and fatigue. According to Jafri, “The symptoms arise due to the constriction of blood vessels in the pelvic region,” and the physical pain only furthers the emotional volatility. Women can adopt small lifestyle changes to help alleviate their symptoms, such as exercising and eating healthy.
Some Myths &Misconceptions:
Myth:You shouldn’t wash your hair during your period.
Thank goodness this is a myth, since I can’t imagine giving up my daily shower, especially during my period. There’s no reason for you to change any of your regular grooming and hygiene habits just because you’re having your period. In fact, a warm bath or shower will help you stay clean, and some girls say it helps with their cramps, too.
Myth: Bed rest is a must during your period.
Sure, you should get plenty of sleep during your period, but you should always get plenty of exercise, too. You’ll feel better if you get up and get out there (especially since exercise has been shown to alleviate cramps and brighten your mood)!
Myth: Hot water increases period flow.
The good news and the bad news: pretty much the only thing that will change your flow is your own body. So you can’t make it lighter (sorry!), and you can’t make it heavier. And a nice warm bath or shower, or a hot water bottle wrapped in a towel can help with cramps.
Myth: You cannot get pregnant during your period.
This isn’t true, despite what a lot of people believe. Tell your friends. Tell every female you know who’s sexually active or plans to be any time soon. You CAN get pregnant during your period. Once inside you, sperm can live for 3-5 days. Ovulation can occur during, or soon after, the bleeding phase. If you don’t want to get pregnant, either don’t have sex, or use birth control every single time you do.
Myth: Irregular periods are bad for your reproductive health.
First, talk to your health care provider if you’ve missed your period. It can take anywhere from 6 months to a year to become regular after the first time you get it. And, for some girls, it never becomes completely regular. There are lots of things, including stress, illness and intense exercise, that can mess with your cycle. That’s why you should consult a heath professional first.
Myth: You shouldn’t use a tampon until you’re old enough.
If you’re old enough to have your period, you’re old enough to use a tampon. Just read the instructions and warnings and be sure to use it correctly. It helps to ask your mom or another trusted adult for guidance. Tampons shouldn’t cause pain or discomfort.
Myth: Menstrual cycles are 28 days.
That’s only an average. Days in the menstrual cycle vary from woman to woman. Your body will tell you what your cycle is, not other people.
Myth: You can shorten or delay a period by _________.
Don’t bother filling in the blank. You shouldn’t try to fight your body’s natural menstrual cycle. Doing so could potentially cause other health problems.
Myth: Menstrual blood is different from regular blood.
Menstrual blood is regular blood. This myth probably gained traction because menstrual blood flows from the vagina. And because vaginas are a normal part of the female body, there’s nothing unusual or wrong with menstrual blood. And did you know it has no odor? Now that’s a fact!