What do neurologists do?
If you are searching for a neurologist or are curious about their profession and lifestyle, this piece of article will let you know everything about it.
As you read on, you will understand the difference between a neurologist and neurosurgeons, the diseases they treat, and many more. If you know these concepts and the qualities of a neurologist, you can find the best neuro hospital in Delhi too.
Overall, this piece is packed with all the information you want to know about the neurologist and what they do. So read on and grasp as much information as you can—and one day, if you would like to pursue this career, this information will help you in the future.
What is a neurologist?
You could say that a neurologist is the same as the medical doctor who treats, manages disorders of the brain and nervous system, runs diagnoses, etc. This doctor knows the anatomy, conditions, and functions that affect the nerves and nervous system. When your nervous system fails (body’s command center), you cannot feel, hear or even see at times.
Who can you call a neurosurgeon?
You can call a doctor who performs surgery on nerves, the spinal cord, and the brain as a neurosurgeon.
What conditions/diseases do they treat?
There are many kinds of conditions that a neurosurgeon can cure. A few of them are given below:
- Alzheimer’s disease/dementia
- Multiple sclerosis
- Parkinson’s disease
- Sleep disorder
- Tremor, dystonia
- Tumors on the spine, nerves, and brain
These are the common diseases a neurosurgeon can treat.
How can they detect conditions related to the brain, spine, and nervous system?
Usually, they ask you some questions about medical history, family history, medication, and symptoms (if any). You have to undergo a few neurological exams to understand the current medical situation.
Some of the exams analyze your:
- Muscle strength
- Mental health
- Vision, hearing, and speech
- Coordination, balance, reflexes, and gait
They may also ask for blood, urine, and other fluid tests to understand your condition better. Imaging studies of your nervous system help a lot with the diagnosis as well.
What are the types of tests the neurologist orders?
There are a certain number of tests your neurologist will ask for. If you find the best neuro hospital in Delhi, they’ll have all the facilities to do the tests in the hospital itself.
Some standard neurologic tests include:
- Cerebrospinal fluid analysis
- Computed tomography (C.T.), MRI or Magnetic Resonance Imaging, X-rays & ultrasound
- Electromyography (EMG)
- Evoke potentials
- PET or Positron Emission Tomography
- Electronystagmography (ENG)
- SPECT or Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography
- EEG or Electroencephalography
How do you become a neurologist?
A neurologist is a challenging profession, and the person must possess high mental power and skills even to complete the course. As usual, a five and a half year of MBBS degree is necessary.
It will be followed by two to three years of M.D. (Medicine) and DNB curse. When you attain a Master’s degree, you’ll have to do D.M. (Neurology) to specialize in neurology.
Are there any subspecialty fields in neurology?
There are several subspecialty fields in neurology studies, and some of the common types are:
- Geriatric neurology
- Clinical neurophysiology
- Brain injury medicine
- Child neurology
- Neurodevelopmental disabilities
- Sleep medicine
- Vascular neurology
- Pain medicine
Neurologists also specialize in most of these subfields, and the more knowledge they have, the better their treatment will be.