We have entered the month of March but the sense of strong sun and hot summer can already be felt. This only indicates that the coming months will only get warmer and let’s be prepared to beat the heat. One of the most common and feared instances during summer is the sunstroke, also known as heatstroke. A sunstroke is an intense form of heat illness that happens due to an excessive rise in body temperature. Experienced with confusion, headache, dizziness and/or redness of the skin, sunstroke can cause serious damage to the brain as well as other internal organs. Nausea, seizures, confusion, disorientation, and sometimes loss of consciousness or coma, are some other symptoms for the same.
It is among the most serious form of heat injury
and is regarded as a medical emergency and needs immediate treatment. And if
left untreated, sunstroke can damage the brain, heart, kidneys, and muscles
very quickly. The more the delay in treatment, the worse is the damage and the
risk of chances of serious complications or death increases.
Since summer is right around the corner here are
some summer tips to stay away from sunstroke:
much as possible, stay in an air-conditioned building in case of extremely high
loads of water and fluids, do not wait till you feel thirsty.
lightweight, light-colored, loose-fitting clothes that do not trap heat and
keep you cool.
cool showers or baths to cool down multiple times during the day.
using the stove on an extremely hot day.
yourself to exercise in hot weather but ensure proper hydration. Exercise
moderately to avoid excessive exertion during the hottest parts of the day.
sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 or more, to protect your
skin from sun burns
extra fluids in summers to prevent dehydration, like fruit juice, and sports
beverages. However, it is advised to avoid caffeine or alcohol fluids as both
these substances tend to cause more fluids loss and worsen heat-related
to keep your outdoor activities for cooler times during the day like early mornings
or after sunset. Limit your exposure to sun and to its heat, especially during
heat waves and hottest hours of the day.
your living area be cool as well. Leave the windows open at night for fresh air
and close the curtains during the day to keep out the heat. Use a fan to
maintain air circulation and, if possible, turn on the air conditioner.
in well ventilated areas.
In case of sunstroke, seek medical help
immediately and try to cool down the person
§ Remove extra layers of clothes
§ Put in a cool water tub or a cool shower
§ Spray skin with water
§ Apply ice packs or wet towels to underarms,
groin, and back of neck, cheeks, palms and soles of feet
§ Also increase the water intake.
Elderly people and children are more at the risk
of heatstroke as their bodies do not manage the temperature variations so effectively.
Also, those with health issues like obesity, hypertension, alcoholism, mental
illness, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are people more prone to
heatstroke and hence they require particular attention.
Since prevention is better than cure, here are
also some natural home remedies that one can practice to prevent themselves
from heat strokes:
Made with raw mangoes and spices, aampanna is a refreshing summer cooler
that cools your body.
Plums are rich in antioxidants and are extremely
Buttermilk is a great source of probiotics and
replenishes the body with essential vitamins and minerals that may be lost due
to excessive sweating.
Coconut water is known to naturally balance the
electrolytes in the body.
Before summer sets in full swing, take note of these home remedies ensure that the harsh sun does not strike you with the excessive heat. Keep yourself prepared, carry the things necessary and do not let the heat take you over.
Contributed by Dr. Mohan Kumar Columbia Asia Hospital Sarjapur