Farming and Non-Farming Jobs in Rural Areas
Government of India is supporting State Government in expansion of livelihood and employment opportunities in the rural areas through a multitude of interventions which included interventions in the farm and allied sectors, non-farm including small and cottage industries sector and service sector besides social sectors. The programs that directly address creation of livelihood and employment under the Ministry of Rural Development includes DeendayalAntyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihood Mission (DAY-NRLM) and Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MG-NREGS).
DAY-NRLM recognizes that the poor have multiple livelihoods and its thrust is on enhancing and expanding the existing livelihoods of the poor. More than 70% of the rural poor are dependent on agriculture either as cultivators or as agriculture labour. Besides, livestock rearing is again a key livelihood of the poor. In forest fringe areas Non Timber Forest Produce is a major livelihood of the poor, who mostly belong to tribal communities. The intervention strategy of NRLM for Farm based Livelihoods promotion is focused on strengthening these key farm livelihoods of the poor.
DAY-NRLM has taken up the following Farm Livelihood interventions :-
The MahilaKisanSashaktikaranPraiyojna is getting implemented with total 239820 Households trained on Agro-Ecological Practices (AEP) and Sustainable Livestock Practices (SLP).
Under Farm Livelihood Convergence with MNREGA :12, 522 Women Households covered; there are 4690 Compost Pits, 2982 Cattle Sheds, 2098 Poultry Sheds, 2063 Goatery Sheds, and 689 Nursery individual Households beneficiaries covered under the scheme. Further, 2, 23, 300 Household are under Identification and supported within this FY 2020-21.
Balinee Milk Producer Company Limited :Under the Bundelkhand Dairy Value Chain Development Project supported by NDS (National Dairy Development Board) around 11,000 Milk producers of Bundelkhand Region have been encompassed by Balinee Milk Producer Company Limited headquartered at Jhansi.
Agri – Nutrition Garden during FY 2019-20: 15898 households have adopted Agri-Nutrition Garden during FY 2019-20 as promoted by “PrernaPoshanVatika”-promising Nutritional Security to the individual households.
Community Managed Producer Groups (PGs): 1200 Community Managed Producer Groups (PGs) encompassing 22, 500 Households have been formed in 1200 Villages for promoting sustainable Livelihood generation at the Village Level.
Farm AajivikaSakhi/krishisakhiPashuSakhi (Community Cadre) : 904 Farm AajivikaSakhi (Community Cadre) are active at Village Level as taken in FY 2019-20 and adding up to existing 5500 including Krishi Sakhi and 910 PashuSakhicader of Farm Livelihood Division.
Farmer Producer Companies (FPCs): Under MKSP Program, 3 FPCs have been developed in Goarkhpur, Hardoi and Prayagraj Districts of Uttar Pradesh.
Livestock Training in Convergence with Department of Animal Husbandry, Govt of U.P: Under Livestock Training a total of 34336 PashuPalaks with Department of Animal Husbandry have been trained on Cattle Rearing, Poultry and Goatery and Vaccination Camps have been organised inVillages.