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AstraZeneca’s Dapagliflozin gets approval for Chronic Kidney Disease in India

AstraZeneca’s Dapagliflozin gets approval for Chronic Kidney Disease in India 1

AstraZeneca India (AstraZeneca Pharma India Limited), a leading science-led biopharmaceutical company, today announced that they have received marketing authorisation for their anti-diabetic drug dapagliflozin, in India for the treatment of patients of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) up to Stage III . The receipt of this permission paves way for the launch of Dapagliflozin Tablets 10mg into a new disease area to Nephrologists in India.. AstraZeneca’s dapagliflozin is the first medicine in its class to show efficacy and safety data for the treatment of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The study results of dapagliflozin, showed significant benefits in reducing CKD progression in patients with and without type-2 diabetes. The DAPA-CKD study concluded globally on 30th March 2020 based on its effectiveness and safety.

Chronic kidney disease is an emerging public health problem. Global disease burden report of 2015 pointed that CKD is the 12th most common cause of death with a 37.1% rise in mortality over 10 years. It is a serious, progressive condition defined by decreased kidney function and/or kidney damage, affecting nearly 70 Crore people worldwide, many of them still undiagnosed. The prevalence of CKD in India is estimated to be 17.2%, given its population >1 billion, the rising incidence of CKD is likely to pose major problems for both healthcare and the economy in future years. CKD is associated with significant patient death and an increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) events,such as heart failure and premature death.While there are medications that can address some of the risk factors for CKD or its associated problems, few work directly to slow renal disease progression.

DAPA-CKD is the first trial to demonstrate efficacy, including improvement on survival, in CKD patients both with and without Type2 Diabetes.

Dr. Anil Kukreja, Vice President – Medical Affairs & Regulatory, AstraZeneca India said “AstraZeneca has always been on the forefront of innovative solution for non-communicable diseases. Despite currently available therapies, a significant unmet need for effective management of CKD continues to exist globally. With the approval of dapagliflozin for CKD in India, an already effective Type 2 Diabetes and select Heart Failure treatment, can now be used by Nephrologists in the management of Chronic Kidney Disease. Dapagliflozin is the first SGLT2 inhibitor to demonstrate such unprecedented efficacy in management of Chronic Kidney disease.

Dr. Vinay Malhotra, Senior Professor & Head, Nephrology, Additional Principal, SMS Medical college & Attached Hospitals, said “Getting this approval does help the clinician to utilise the data of Dapa-CKD and DECLARE trials for better clinical outcomes. This means both prevention and treatment of nephropathy is possible. I would strongly advise to perform urine albumin and Egfr for all patients, esp. those with high risk like diabetes and hypertension. Early diagnosis and prompt management is the key.”

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